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Investment in Russia

The inflow of foreign investment in the Russian economy in 2019 will be 50% higher than a year earlier. According to the results of January-June 2019, they grew by 38% and reached $11.1 billion against $8.4 billion in the same period in 2018. In 2018, according to the Bank of Russia, the influx of foreign direct investment in Russia amounted to $8.8 billion.

Nevertheless, in 2019, Russia recorded the maximum outflow of foreign direct investment in the entire history of observations when enterprises close their representative offices and withdraw technologies from the market.

Pessimism of investors is associated with a decrease in forecasts of economic growth both throughout the world and in China. Thus, the OECD lowered its forecast for world economic growth for 2019 by 0.2 p.p., to 3.3%. In mid-2019, foreign direct investment in emerging markets reached its lowest level in 20 years.

Foreign investors are interested in Russian national projects. In this direction, RDIF creates funds that raise funds for various projects, including infrastructural and social. This is facilitated by an increase in the country's Global Competitiveness Index in 2019 Russia took 43rd place out of 141 countries. In the Doing Business ranking in 2019, Russia ranked 28th out of 190.

In terms of income, then the Bank of Russia expects population income growth. Demand in the economy will grow thanks to budget investments, and low inflation will support the growth of incomes of the population, according to the Bank of Russia.

At the end of the year, the department predicts a decrease in inflation to 3-3.3%. The Bank of Russia analysts believe that next January inflation will fall to 3% under the influence of disinflation factors and due to the withdrawal of the effect of increasing the VAT rate.
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The most popular investment instruments for Russian citizens are savings accounts in banks, foreign

currency, real estate, life insurance and cryptocurrencies.

The real disposable income of Russians in the third quarter fell by almost 5% after a record drop of

8.4% in the second, Rosstat reported.

In September 2020, the monthly increase in consumer prices (as estimated seasonally adjusted) decreased to 0.25% compared to 0.38% in August, according to the next release of the information and analytical commentary “Dynamics of consumer prices”.

Consumer demand in the first seven months of 2020 in Russia decreased due to the coronavirus pandemic by an average of 6.7% relative to the result of January-July 2019.
Net capital outflow in January-August 2020 increased 1.7 times compared to the data for the same period last year – from $20 billion to $34.8 billion.
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The structure of expenses of the population of the Russian Federation
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Real estate
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