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Investment in Russia

The inflow of foreign investment in the Russian economy in 2019 will be 50% higher than a year earlier. According to the results of January-June 2019, they grew by 38% and reached $11.1 billion against $8.4 billion in the same period in 2018. In 2018, according to the Bank of Russia, the influx of foreign direct investment in Russia amounted to $8.8 billion.

Nevertheless, in 2019, Russia recorded the maximum outflow of foreign direct investment in the entire history of observations when enterprises close their representative offices and withdraw technologies from the market.

Pessimism of investors is associated with a decrease in forecasts of economic growth both throughout the world and in China. Thus, the OECD lowered its forecast for world economic growth for 2019 by 0.2 p.p., to 3.3%. In mid-2019, foreign direct investment in emerging markets reached its lowest level in 20 years.

Foreign investors are interested in Russian national projects. In this direction, RDIF creates funds that raise funds for various projects, including infrastructural and social. This is facilitated by an increase in the country's Global Competitiveness Index in 2019 Russia took 43rd place out of 141 countries. In the Doing Business ranking in 2019, Russia ranked 28th out of 190.

In terms of income, then the Bank of Russia expects population income growth. Demand in the economy will grow thanks to budget investments, and low inflation will support the growth of incomes of the population, according to the Bank of Russia.

At the end of the year, the department predicts a decrease in inflation to 3-3.3%. The Bank of Russia analysts believe that next January inflation will fall to 3% under the influence of disinflation factors and due to the withdrawal of the effect of increasing the VAT rate.
News
The OECD predicts acceleration in the global economy and a slowdown in the domestic Russian economy. The decline in household incomes and the contraction of consumer demand may become an additional brake on the recovery of the Russian economy.
According to Rosstat, the economic downturn in Russia in 2020 amounted to 3.1% – significantly better than expected.
The Deputy Chairman of the Bank of Russia Alexey Zabotkin emphasized that the potential economic growth rates do not depend on monetary policy, they are influenced by demography, labor force, and the efficiency of institutions.
The Russian economy continues to lose its attractiveness in the eyes of large transnational businesses as consumers become poorer and the government continues the sanctions war with the West.

The Washington Institute of International Finance (IIF) sharply improved its forecast for the Russian economy. Its experts revised estimates of the fall in GDP in 2020 from minus 4.8% to 3.6%.

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